Reproductive Health Issues

6 Gynecology Surgeries and Procedures

February 2, 2018

Have you ever been advised by your gynecologist which you will need a procedure to further appraise a GYN issue? You are not alone. Millions of women annually confront the uncertainty of getting a gynecological procedure or surgery performed.

It’s a fantastic idea to learn about these frequent GYN procedures and surgeries before you want them. Then, you’ll be one step ahead if your gynecologist actually says you require more evaluation of a possible issue.

Much like all gynecological procedures, make sure your doctor knows if you are or could be pregnant.

Cervical Cryosurgery

Most of the time abnormal cells on your cervix heal without treatment. If they don’t, your healthcare professional might recommend cervical cryosurgery, or cryotherapy, which can be an extremely effective gynecological treatment that freezes a section of the cervix.

The purpose of this method is to ruin any abnormal cervical cells that show changes that might lead to cancer, known as precancerous cells. Your gynecologist may utilize the term cervical dysplasia to describe your situation. 


A colposcopy is a nonsurgical diagnostic tool performed using a colposcope. It’s used to further analyze the cervix, vagina, and vulva if a woman has an abnormal Pap smear. If your gynecologist finds an area of unusual cells, she may take a sample and send it to the lab for testing. 

D&C: Dilation and Curettage 

Dilation and curettage, commonly known as a D&C, is one of the most frequent gynecological procedures.

In this non-surgical procedure, the doctor removes your uterine lining with a sharp curette (surgical tool ).

The procedure is a way to diagnose esophageal conditions including uterine cancer or polyps along with the precancerous condition endometrial hyperplasia. Your healthcare provider may also suggest it to remove uterine fibroid tumors, a molar pregnancy, or a placenta which remains in the uterus following a delivery which has caused excessive bleeding.


Hysteroscopy provides a non-surgical method to your gynecologist to diagnose or treat uterine issues. These include removing adhesions, finding an intrauterine device, or determining the cause of recurrent miscarriage. 

During this process, a healthcare professional uses a hysteroscope, which is a thin, lighted, telescope-like tool that’s inserted into your uterus through the vagina. It sends pictures of your uterus to a screen for further examination. 

LEEP Procedure

A gynecologist can use the loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) when a PAP smear indicates there are abnormal cells on the surface of the cervix. Throughout the process, she utilizes an electrically-charged, thin wire loop to cut away the abnormal tissue. 

Pelvic Laparoscopy

Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure usually performed under general anesthesia. However, it can be performed with other types of anesthesia that allow the patient to remain awake.

The standard pelvic laparoscopy involves a small (1/2- to 3/4-inch) incision in the belly button or lower abdomen. Carbon dioxide is then pumped into your abdomen to help the surgeon see that your organs more easily. Depending upon your condition, she can also take tissue samples, eliminate scar tissue, repair your uterus, or remove your ovaries.

A Word From Verywell

It’s understandable that you may have concerns about any procedure that your gynecologist recommends. Learning as much as you can is a fantastic idea, however it’s also important to have a good conversation with your doctor. Ask her any questions that you might have and also don’t forget to inform her if you could be pregnant.