Oral contraceptives, commonly called birth control pills or just”the pill”, were approved by the FDA on June 23, 1960. The tablet computer has revolutionized women’s health over the last five decades. Following is a brief history of the birth control pill and the way it functions.
The Initial Birth Control Pill
The first birth control was called Enovid and has been fabricated by Searle.
The 1960s lady, in addition to women now, enjoyed the pill because it provided a reversible method of birth control that has been, and still is now, almost 100 percent effective when taken as directed.
Birth Control and Women’s Liberation
The approval of this birth control played a significant part in the sexual liberation of women that happened throughout the 1960s. For the first time, girls were free to enjoy spontaneous sex without fear of maternity. Now it is estimated that more than 10 million women use the pill.
How the Pill Works
Oral contraceptives work by suppressing ovulation so that no egg is released by the ovaries for fertilization by sperm. Ovulation is suppressed through the actions of the hormones — estrogen alone or a combination of estrogen and progestin — which the birth control pill contains.
The birth control pill does not just prevent unplanned pregnancy, in addition, it provides lots of different advantages to the girls who use it.
In reality, women who take the pill for at least one year are 40 percent less likely to develop uterine cancer and ovarian cancer. Other significant benefits of the birth control pill contain regulating irregular intervals, controlling acne, reducing menstrual cramps and alleviating the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
The hormones found in oral contraceptives also offer a protective effect against pelvic inflammatory disease, a major cause of infertility. This protection is caused by the greater depth of the cervical mucus that occurs when oral contraceptives are employed. The thickened cervical mucus helps to keep bacteria from getting into the vagina, and possibly the uterus and fallopian tubes, in which pelvic inflammatory disease can happen.