Types of IUDs

All About the IUD

September 2, 2018

An IUD is a small, flexible contraceptive device that is placed into the uterus. The letters IUD endure for intrauterine device. An IUD is usually made from plastic and is shaped like the letter . This contraceptive technique is long lasting, safe and extremely effective.

You will find three IUD brands which are available in the United States: Mirena, ParaGard and Skyla.

The IUD is the most popular form of reversible birth control in the entire world. In fact, most women who get an IUD are satisfied with their choice — 99 percent of IUD users are pleased with them.

Mirena IUD

The Mirena intrauterine device (IUD) is made from flexible plastic. It releases a very low quantity of progestin levonorgestrel always over a 5-year period as a means to avoid pregnancy.

According to the maker of Mirena, Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals, that IUD is for girls who’ve had at least 1 child, are in a mutually monogamous relationship, and don’t have any history or risk of ectopic pregnancy or pelvic inflammatory disease. BUT, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists urges both girls who have never given birth and teens could benefit from using IUDs… this includes using Mirena or the ParaGard IUD.

The Mirena IUD could decrease menstrual cramps, total amount of monthly period bleeding and has been FDA-approved to deal with heavy menstrual bleeding.

After eliminating the IUD, your ability to get pregnant fast returns.

  • Mirena Use to Help With Heavy Periods

ParaGard IUD

The ParaGard intrauterine device (also referred to as the Copper T 380A) is approximately 1-1/4 inches wide by 1-3/8 inches long, made of flexible plastic and wrapped in aluminum. It is hormone free.

Be aware that using ParaGard, your sessions will not get lighter or shorter; rather, they might get thicker and more. The ParaGard IUD releases a tiny amount of copper over a 10-year period for a means to avoid pregnancy.

*An Extra Advantage: The ParaGard IUD can be used as a kind of emergency contraception. In fact, if inserted within 5 days after unprotected intercourse, ParaGard can lower the probability of pregnancy by 99.9%.

Skyla IUD

Skyla is believed to be”Mirena’s little sister.” This mini-IUD slowly releases a very low quantity of the progestin levonorgestrel always over a 3-year period. It is smaller than Mirena and comprises less progestin. Unlike Mirena, the Skyla IUD has been FDA-approved for use by girls of all ages, whether or not they have given birth.

  • Skyla vs. Mirena: A Quick IUD Comparison Guide

Kyleena IUD

Kyleena is part of the same”family” as Skyla and Mirena.  This  hormonal IUD also always releases a low quantity progestin levonorgestrel over a period of 5 decades. It is smaller than Mirena and about the same dimensions as Skyla. It comprises more progestin than Skyla but less than Mirena. Like the Skyla, the Kyleena IUD has FDA-approval o be utilized by all women, whether or not they have given birth.

The way the IUD Works

The Mirena IUD, Skyla IUD and the ParaGard IUD all stop sperm from joining with an egg by interfering with the motion of the sperm toward the egg. These IUDs also alter the lining of the uterus. In theory, this shift to the uterine wall can maintain a fertilized egg from attaching to the lining of the uterus, but there’s no proof that this really happens.

For many girls, the progestin in the Mirena IUD and Skyla IUD can also stop ovulation from occurring. The progestin also thickens a woman’s cervical mucus, so the thicker mucus can further block sperm from joining with an egg.


The majority of women can use either IUD safely. However, some increased risk factors may not create the IUD the ideal birth control method for some women.

The IUD must be added by a qualified healthcare professional. The IUD insertion usually includes a bimanual examination. The doctor will remove the IUD from the sterile packaging. Afterward, the arms of the IUD are bent back, and a tube comprising the IUD is inserted. The IUD is pushed into place by a plunger from the tube. Once from the tube and in the appropriate place, the IUD arms inserted to the”T” shape.

  • So, You Want to Get an IUD?

Later Insertion

Some girls might still feel some cramping since the uterus adjusts to the positioning of the IUD. If this is the case, the cramps should decrease with some time and, possibly, a rest or pain medicine. You may also have any bleeding and spotting during the first few days following insertion.

IUD Pregnancy Protection

You can have sex when you feel comfortable after the IUD insertion.

  • ParaGard IUD is effective immediately.
  • Mirena IUD and Skyla IUD are effective immediately ONLY if added within 7 days after the start of the period. If inserted at any time during your menstrual cycle, then use another contraceptive such as a condom, female condom, Today Sponge or spermicide through the first week following the IUD insertion. Protection begins after seven days.

STD Protection

An IUD won’t defend you against sexually transmitted diseases.


If an IUD will slip out of place, it will most likely occur in the first month or two of use or during your period. Assess your pads or tampons to find out if your IUD has fallen out. When it has, call your doctor and use another birth control method. It’s especially important to look at the IUD strings every few days for your first few weeks and to feel for the series ends between phases to be certain that the IUD remains properly set up.

  • How To Check Your IUD Strings
  • I Can not Believe My IUD Strings… If I Be Worried?


The IUD may get a higher upfront cost. But it’s the most inexpensive long-term and reversible form of birth control available. Since an IUD’s protection will last 5 to 10 years, the expense ends up being less a month than the monthly filling of pill prescriptions.

The prices of an IUD could comprise:

  • A medical examination
  • The Mirena IUD, ParaGard IUD or Skyla IUD
  • Follow-up visits to your doctor

IUD prices vary among Medicaid and health insurance plans. However, under the Affordable Care Act, non-grandfathered medical insurance programs should completely cover (without a copays) the prices to have the IUD inserted, removed, and also the price of the genuine device.

  • Why Do I Still Need to Pay for My IUD?


You must eventually have an IUD removed because an IUD doesn’t disintegrate and, for the most part, will not come out by itself. The IUD removal process is often easier, less painful, and quicker than the insertion. You should get your IUD removed by a physician — never attempt to eliminate your IUD by yourself or ask for an unqualified person to do this as this may lead to serious damage. You can have your IUD removed at anytime and can have a brand new IUD replaced during the same visit.

IUD Effectiveness

An IUD is among the best birth control types available. Less than 1 out of 100 women will get pregnant every year should they use the ParaGard, Skyla or the Mirena IUD.

Of special caution: Most pregnancies occur when an IUD slips out, and you also do not realize this has happened. Even though the prospect of pregnancy during IUD usage is extremely low, if it does happen, you need to contact your doctor as soon as you learn that you’re pregnant.

  • How to Manage an IUD maternity

More IUD Resources

  • Do I Want to Have My IUD Removed when I Change Sexual Partners? The brief response to this question, no you do not need to have your IUD removed.
  • Potential IUD Complications and Risks