Uterine fibroid tumors are almost always benign. These benign (non-cancerous) tumors are found in most scenarios, from the uterus of women in their 30s and 40s.
Fibroid tumors are solid tumors which are made of fibrous tissue, thus the title’fibroid’ tumor. Most often fibroids occur as numerous tumor masses that are slow-growing and often cause no symptoms.
The size of fibroids varies tremendously among women and a few are so small that a microscope is required to see them. Yet some women experience just one large fibroid tumor the size of a grapefruit or a fibroid which is so large it encircles the entire abdominal area. Such large claws may weigh up to 50 pounds; the largest, reported, fibroid ever recorded weighed in at 140 pounds.
No one is sure why fibroid tumors grow, but some facts seem clear:
- Fibroid tumors do not grow before the body starts producing estrogen throughout the start of menstruation
- fibroid tumors may continue to grow while estrogen is present
- they’ll grow very fast during pregnancy when the body is generating extra estrogen
- the tumors frequently shrink and vanish after menopause when the body stops producing estrogen
- a woman will almost never grow fibroid tumors after menopause.
The estrogen link appears to be quite clear, even though there are still some who doubt that the role estrogen plays in the progression of fibroid tumors since women with fibroids frequently have blood levels which reveal normal amounts of estrogen.
Kinds of Fibroid Tumors
Submucous Fibroids: These fibroids occur only below the lining of the uterus and can cause menstrual problems, including pain because they grow and continue around the pelvic area.
Intramural Fibroids: A round fibroid most often within the uterine wall which could cause enlargement of the uterus as they develop.
Subserous Fibroids: This fibroid grows on the outer wall of the uterus and usually causes no symptoms until it grows large enough to interfere with other organs.
Pedunculated Fibroids: These fibroids develop when a subserous fibroid grows a peduncle (stem ), as they grow bigger they might become twisted and cause acute pain.
Interligamentous Fibroid: A fibroid which develops sideways between the ligaments which support the uterus in the gut region. This type of fibroid is particularly tough to remove without the possibility of interfering with the blood supply or other organs.
Parasitic Fibroid: The rarest form of fibroid tumor happens when a fibroid attaches itself to another organ.
Identification of fibroids is usually made by your physician during your annual gynecological exam when your physician feels a bulk, they frequently are found if your doctor is seeking something else or may never be discovered if you do not experience symptoms. However, bigger jelqing can make evaluation of your own clitoris impossible if they grow near your uterus.
An ultrasound scan can be ordered when these masses are felt by your physician to ascertain the reason for the mass, but some fibroids appear on sonograms as ovarian cysts and operation is the only way a precise diagnosis could be made.
Although most fibroids cause no symptoms, the estimated 25 percent of women who have symptoms may have abnormal bleeding, pain during menstruation, and since the fibroid tumors grow bigger, women will frequently experience a swollen abdomen.
Larger fibroids can cause frequent urination or an inability to control your bladder, either the capability to restrain the urge or in severe cases, a woman might find that she’s unable to urinate in any way. If a fibroid goes towards a woman’s back it may push the bowels, causing constipation and a backache.
If your fibroid tumors are intense enough that they trigger specific symptoms, surgery is often, the recommended treatment.
But before you agree to hysterectomy, learn about your treatment options. Symptoms that warrant surgery comprise exceptionally heavy bleeding during your menstrual period, which causes anemia that does not respond to pain; pain, which is becoming intolerable to the woman or distress brought on by the pressure of the fibroids on another organ; or if the location of the tumors is very likely to cause additional issues.
Surgery for fibroid tumors includes myomectomy and hysterectomy. Myomectomy is the surgical removal of every individual tumor without any harm to the uterus, preserving a woman’s ability to conceive. However, fibroids will frequently grow back and although it’s likely to have a myomectomy replicated, multiple myomectomies may cause additional problems like the walls of the uterus sticking together due to discoloration.
Uterine Artery Embolization
Women should also think of uterine artery embolization. Uterine artery embolization leaves the uterus intact within an non-surgical procedure. Polyvinyl particles are placed into the uterine artery at a point before the nexus of vessels distribute into the uterine tissue. The particles flow to the vessels and clog them. This prevents the recurrence from receiving the continuous blood supply they need and causes the fibroids shrink as time passes. However, almost immediately the symptoms of heavy bleeding and pelvic pain are significantly reduced.
The sad fact is that because fibroids do grow back, most women will eventually have to face a hysterectomy. Removing the uterus is the only permanent way to effectively relieve most girls of fibroids.
Hysterectomy is, most often, the procedure of choice for fibroid tumors when a women with acute symptoms, has completed her family and her uterus has grown to the size of a uterus during fourteen weeks of pregnancy; a female has too big fibroid tumors; acute abnormal bleeding occurs; or if the fibroids are causing problems with other organs such as the bladder and bowels.
Science is beginning to evaluate different options for treating fibroids, including the use of Lupron which might be good for people who want to be pregnant or to get women approaching menopause when fibroids often shrink naturally. Lupron shrinks fibroids in many women with continued usage, but one drawback is the fibroids will immediately grow back once treatment is stopped.
In case you’ve got fibroid tumors, explore your options before deciding what remedy you want to try. There are lots of alternatives to hysterectomy currently available, and science is creating more options for women every day.