Chlamydia, STD

Chlamydia: An Overview

September 1, 2018

Chlamydia is the most common curable. It’s caused by the obligate intracellular parasite Chlamydia trachomatis. Somewhere between a bacterium and a virus, chlamydia is a small pathogen. Additionally, it is a rather contagious one. Chlamydia can irritate the eyes in addition to the genitals. These infections are incredibly common around the world.

Actually,  chlamydia is a leading cause of blindness in the developing world. 

Hundreds of thousands of new cases of chlamydia are reported every year in the United States. Realistically, that represents only a minority of the true number of infections. That is because half of all chlamydia cases in men and three-quarters of all chlamydia cases in women don’t have any signs. Researchers estimate that, in the U.S. alone, there are 3-4 million new cases annually of chlamydia which have no symptoms. The only means to discover these  cases is via preventative screening. However, STD screening isn’t a standard part of care for most men and lots of women. 

Chlamydia in Men

The main disease site for chlamydia in men is the urethra. . This is the tube in the penis that carries sperm and urine. Infection of the urethra is known as urethritis. Chlamydia symptoms in men can include:

  • Burning pain on urination
  • release from the opening of the penis (the urethra)
  • pain in the testicles
  • pain in, or discharge from, the rectum

Chlamydia in Women

The main infection site for chlamydia in women is the cervix. This can be opening that connects the vagina to the uterus, or womb. The cervix can also be known as the”mouth of the uterus.” Infection of the cervix is called cervicitis.

Chlamydia symptoms in women may include:

  • Vaginal irritation
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Painful sexual intercourse
  • Pain in, or discharge from, the anus
  • Nondescript pain in the lower stomach
  • Severe pelvic pain in an infection that has ascended in the cervix to the upper reproductive tract.

For Everyone

The symptoms described above aren’t specific. To put it differently, they could also indicate other infections. That’s why testing is so important. It is the only real way to understand if you have chlamydia. That’s true whether you have symptoms. If you have some indication of release from your genitalia or unexplained irritation, you should speak to the wellbeing provider of your choice to chlamydia testing.

If you’re uncomfortable seeing your regular doctor about a potential STD diagnosis, many regional areas have public STD clinics. Planned Parenthood is also a fantastic resource for STD treatment and identification. Both authorities run clinics and Planned Parenthood scale treatment costs to your income. Consequently, cash shouldn’t be an issue in seeking treatment.

Because so many individuals with chlamydia don’t have any symptoms, screening is critical. Both bark and urine tests are available. That usually means that testing is really straightforward.

It doesn’t need to be any more disagreeable than peeing in a cup! It’s necessary to ask your doctor to screen you for chlamydia at your annual trip if there’s a chance you could have been exposed. If you have had unprotected intercourse with a partner who is infected with, or hasn’t been examined for, chlamydia, you need to consider yourself at risk for disease.

Before entering into a new sexual relationship, or starting to have unprotected sex in your existing relationship, many sex educators recommend that both you and your spouse be screened for chlamydia and other common STDs. When in doubt, use condoms, that have been proven to be more effective in preventing the spread of chlamydia.

Can You Know: Many states offer expedited partner treatment for chlamydia. That means, if you’re found to be infected, you might be given antibiotics for both you and your partner. However, it’s still important to practice safe sex through treatment. You don’t wish to pass the infection back and forth between you even while you’re working on eliminating it!