Reproductive Health Issues

Common Pelvic Conditions Every Woman Needs to Know

October 17, 2018

Women face the possibility of quite a few pelvic conditions. Some are fine when left untreated when ignoring others might be fatal. Let’s take a look at the indicators of those pelvic conditions so you may recognize them if they happen to you or someone you love.

Asherman’s Syndrome

Asherman’s syndrome is that the formation of intrauterine adhesions (IUAs) or scar tissue that frequently results in the front and back walls of the uterus to stick together.

These scars are generally caused by injury to the uterus by a recent maternity or other causes, including surgery for esophageal tumors or polyps, in addition to Cesarean section.

Symptoms include an extremely mild period or no time, but a few women still experience pain throughout the time period would usually happen. Sadly, miscarriages and infertility are frequent.

The most frequent treatment is hysteroscopy, sometimes aided by laparoscopy. Regrettably, if the adhesions are severe, they often snore, requiring further surgery or treatment. 

Benign Uterine Fibroid Tumors

Uterine fibroid tumors are nearly never cancerous and often happen without causing any pain.

Fibroids usually manifest as numerous small tumors but may occur as a single large tumor. This may result in girls with big fibroid tumors to look pregnant.

Treatment options include:

  • No treatment since the tumors frequently shrink on their own once menopause happens
  • Myomectomy — the surgical removal of fibroids
  • Endometrial ablation — the surgical destruction of your endometrium
  • Hysterectomy — the removal of your uterus and possibly other organs in your reproductive system


Dysmenorrhea is the medical term for severe menstrual cramps that keep you from doing your normal daily tasks.

Symptoms include:

  • Pain in the lower abdomen, lower back, as well as the inner thighs
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Headaches and nausea

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDS) frequently reduce the pain and work best when taken at the first sign of pain. Other remedies that can help include hormonal treatments like birth control pills and vaginal rings.


Endometriosis occurs when endometrial tissue which normally lines the inside of the uterus grows in other places within the body.  While the pelvic region, such as your fallopian tubes and ovaries, is the most common site for endometriosis, the tissue may spread to other areas of the human body, including the lungs.

Hormones cause changes to endometriosis whenever menstruation occurs. The breakdown of these tissues frequently results in pelvic adhesions or scar tissue, which may cause acute pain and bind organs together.

The most important symptom of endometriosis is pain that may occur through sexual activity, bowel movements, urination, and menstruation. Treatment of endometriosis is dependent upon the intensity of the illness and whether you would like to have children and contains medications and surgical procedures.


Mittelschmerz is a German term meaning”midcycle pain” Most frequently, the pain of ovulation lasts for six to eight hours but may last for 24 to 48 hours.

Fortunately, self-help treatments can ease discomfort. 

Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is often called a”silent killer” because there are few or no symptoms before the disease has reached a late period. There are 3 Chief Kinds of ovarian cancer:

  1. Epithelial, That’s the very common (85% to 90 percent of instances ) and covers the outer surface of the ovaries
  2. Germ cell tumors, which form on the cells in the ovary that develop into eggs
  3. Sex cord-stromal tumors, which occur in the connective tissues in the ovaries

Warning signs of ovarian cancer may include irregular:

  • Back pain
  • Increase in abdominal size
  • Difficulty eating and weight loss
  • Urinary incontinence and frequent urination

Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian cysts are fluid or tissue-filled sacs that form on your ovaries and many go away on their own. Symptoms consist of dull or sharp pain in the gut during specific actions. Small cysts might not produce any symptoms, but larger cysts might twist, causing pain. Some ovarian cysts can rupture or bleed, requiring immediate medical attention. 

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the female reproductive organs which can lead to infertility if untreated. More than 1 million women each year get a diagnosis of PID.

Symptoms of PID include:

  • Abnormal vaginal discharge
  • Pain in the lower abdomen or at the upper abdomen
  • Fever, chills, nausea, and vomiting
  • Painful sexual intercourse and/or urination

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) often leads to infertility as well as the cause appears to be a number of variables that work together, such as insulin resistance, increased androgens, and irregular or absent menstruation.

Symptoms of PCOS include:

  • Obesity
  • Hirsutism (increased hair growth on face, chest, abdomen and upper thighs)
  • Heavy, irregular or absent menstruation
  • Patches of thickened, dark, velvety skin
  • Multiple Tiny cysts on your ovaries

Treatment options for PCOS depend largely on if you would like to have children.

Uterine or Endometrial Cancer

Uterine or endometrial cancer is the most frequent type of gynecological cancer. It only affects three or two out of each 100 girls, is rarely seen in women under 40, and most commonly occurs in women 60 and older.

Risk factors include:

  • Obesity
  • Starting menstruation before age 12
  • Family history
  • Long-term use of estrogen without progesterone or high-dose oral contraceptives

Symptoms can be constant or can come and go, and include

  • Abnormal bleeding and spotting
  • New vaginal bleeding and discharge
  • Spotting after menopause

Any time you experience vaginal bleeding after menopause, you should see your physician for diagnosis and therapy.