Reproductive Health Issues

Diagnosis and symptoms of Cervical Polyps

November 6, 2018

Thus, you have been told you have a cervical polyp. Do not panic.

Any body surface that’s lined with a mucous membrane that is rich in blood vessels may produce a  growth called a polyp. Areas of the body in which polyps typically occur include the:

  • Colon/intestines
  • uterus
  • nasal passages
  • mouth
  • bladder

Polyps are thought to be fragile growths since they bleed easily when they are touched or irritated.


Cervical polyps are often modest, tear drop shaped projections that grow from the surface of the cervix or more commonly in the endocervical canal. The endocervical canal is the interior of the cervix that contributes to the uterus. It is lined with glandular cells which are typical of mucous membranes. 

Endocervical polyps hang from a stalk that contains their blood supply. Polyps that develop in the endocervical canal will typically grow into the canal and frequently push through the cervical os.

While the cause of cervical polyps is not clear, there may be an association with chronic cervical inflammation, obstructed cervical blood vessels, or an abnormal reaction to increased amounts of estrogen.

Cervical polyps almost never occur prior to the onset of menstruation or menarche and are seen in approximately 4% of women of reproductive age. They’re most common in women in their 40s and 50s who have that have more than 1 child.

Additionally, cervical polyps are common during early pregnancy, presumably because of higher levels of circulating hormones. In most cases, just one cervical polyp is present. However, occasionally two or 3 cervical polyps may be present.


Many cervical polyps are asymptomatic causing no symptoms in any way.

Cervical polyps seldom cause pain. Even though they push through the introduction of the cervix they’re usually too small and too soft to dilate the cervix and cause pain. If you’re diagnosed with a cervical polyp since you’re experiencing pain it is most likely a sizable endometrial polyp or even a prolapsed pedunculated fibroid. The Common symptoms of cervical polyps include:

  • post coital bleeding
  • intermenstrual bleeding
  • menorrhagia
  • postmenopausal bleeding
  • leukorrhea


Diagnosing cervical polyps is relatively straightforward. Cervical polyps are often easy to see through a rectal examination as soon as your doctor uses a speculum to picture your own cervix. Cervical polyps appear smooth, with a reddish or purple shade, and protrude from the cervical canal. When the cervical polyp is bigger than expected, your physician might purchase a pelvic ultrasound to assess the possibility of a prolapsed endometrial polyp or fibroid.


If your doctor finds a cervical polyp during a routine exam she will likely suggest that it be eliminated, even when you aren’t having any symptoms. Cervical polyps are nearly always benign but you can’t be absolutely sure unless they are removed and analyzed.  Removing a cervical polyp is very straightforward and usually comparatively painless.

So, the benefits of removing the polyp outweigh any risks related to the procedure. 

Usually, your physician can quickly remove your cervical polyp at the office simply by grasping it with a clamp and softly turning off it. You may experience minimal discomfort, typically just a tugging sensation or maybe a little cramping. If the polyp is large or with an extremely thick stalk your physician will likely suggest the removal be done in the operating room. A frequent technique is tying surgical series around the bottom of the polyp and cutting off it. The remaining foundation of the cervical polyp might be eliminated using electrocautery or laser surgery.

As always talk about any concerns you may have concerning your pelvic health with your health care provider.