In recent years, virtually all HIV infections occurring in U.S. kids have been the result of mother to child transmission,” otherwise known as perinatal transmission. On the other hand, the outbreak is slowly coming under control. In 2005, just approximately 141 children were born with HIV, which can be significantly less than one-tenth the amount of infected children born each year in the summit of the mid-1990s, along with the number has only continued to decrease since then.
Much of this decrease was attributed to early identification of HIV disease in pregnant women to ensure antiretroviral treatment and other interventions during pregnancy, labour, and delivery can be started to avoid transmission to the infant. This sort of treatment, combined with treatment of the newborn and prevention of breastfeeding, can reduce the risk of perinatal HIV transmission from roughly 25% to less than 1%.
Unfortunately, in order for treatment to perform be as helpful as possible, girls will need to get diagnosed with HIV as early as possible during pregnancy. This is the reason why current CDC guidelines recommend testing for many women during the initial prenatal visit and again during the third trimester. But, even women who do not get analyzed during pregnancy can benefit from studying in the time of delivery. Treatment during delivery has been demonstrated to reduce the speed of HIV transmission to the baby by more than half.
However, despite the recommendation for universal testing of pregnant women, in 2007, more than one-quarter of women who gave birth to an HIV-infected infant had no idea they were infected until it was time to give birth.
Knowing Is Half the Battle
Back in 2005, slightly more than one-quarter of the recently diagnosed HIV infections in the United States occurred in girls, and a number of these infections were caused by sexual relationships with HIV positive men.
Additionally, 80 percent of the estimated 120,000 to 160,000 HIV positive women in the USA are of childbearing age, and as many as a quarter of those women may not know their status. These women, who don’t know their HIV status, might be at the maximum risk of passing the virus to their kids if they decide to get pregnant, especially if they don’t receive HIV testing, and therapy, as part of timely prenatal care.
If you get pregnant, it is very important for you to be tested for HIV as soon as possible during your daily care. Even if your own risk of exposure is minimal, it’s much better to be safe than sorry. Knowing your HIV status will assist with your peace of mind. More to the point, however, if you’re positive, the sooner you start treatment, the more powerful you can keep your future kid.
If you are pregnant, and you also don’t know your HIV status, ask your physician to check for HIV you within your prenatal care. Although all doctors should be offering HIV tests to every pregnant patient, many don’t. That’s unfortunate because universal treatment and testing of pregnant women might help eliminate mother to child transmission of HIV.
Choosing to Become Pregnant When HIV+
In these days of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), HIV is now a disease which individuals are living with for a long time.
Many HIV positive men and women are interested in having children of their own. Even though the dangers of transmission during pregnancy haven’t been removed, new therapies and technology have made it much safer for HIV+ couples to have kids.
If you’re part of a couple where one or both of you is HIV positive, and you’re considering having children, it is important to see your physician for counseling before trying to become pregnant. Your health care provider can help you decide whether stressful for a natural pregnancy is ideal for you. When it’s, they will be able to help you reduce the possibility of transmitting to youpersonally, your uninfected partner, and/or your prospective kid.
Other options for childbearing may include use of assisted reproductive technologies or adoption, and following counseling, some couples may opt to remain child-free.
If either you or your spouse is HIV positive, it does not need to be the end to your dreams of having a family. But, it can make the decision-making process harder. For that reason, it is important to begin the process with as much information as you can. If your doctor is uncomfortable discussing reproductive choices with you, find someone else that will give you the assistance that you need. It’s possible to generate a responsible choice to have kids when one of you’re living with HIV, and there are doctors that know that, respect the autonomy of the HIV positive clients, and are ready and able to assist.