From our very first sex education class, most of us are taught about the risks and risks of sexual activity, chief among them unplanned pregnancy and the contraction of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), or more commonly taught today as sexually transmitted diseases (STIs). It’s understandable. After all, STIs are common because people still do not know how to prevent and/or treat themand they come saddled with plenty of pesky signs.
But what about what might happen after the initial symptoms?
Which Are the Most Common STIs and Their Long-Term Health Hazards?
Different sexually transmitted diseases carry different symptoms and, if left untreated, may cause many different different health risks. Before we delve into the risks, however, let us review what the most common sexually transmitted diseases really are, and examine how they can affect your long-term wellbeing.
Chlamydia is the most common curable STI. It destroys the cervix in women and the penile urethra in men. Its most typical symptoms are pain during sexual intercourse and discharge from the penis or vagina. However, a lot of men and women who get chlamydia are asymptomatic. Despite the lack of symptoms, it’s important to get screened and treated if you think you might have been exposed to chlamydia. If you don’t, it can do a great deal of damage to your own body in the long term. If left untreated, chlamydia may lead to irreversible damage to the reproductive system in both females and males.
Gonorrhea is another typical bacterial STI. It infects the same organs as chlamydia and has similar long-term effects. Symptoms of gonorrhea include burning when urinating. Just like with chlamydia, but many men and women are asymptomatic. The long-term health dangers of gonorrhea include urethral damage, difficulty urinating, cervicitis, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), and throat infections.
Syphilis is another common STI. Caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum, it may create serious complications if left untreated. Syphilis is transmitted by direct contact with syphilis sores, which can show up on the external genitals and the mouth, as well as from the vagina or rectum. This STI can significantly raise the chance of contracting HIV. Left untreated, genital syphilis can progress and become neurosyphilis, which may lead to blindness, personality changes, dementia, and even death.
Not as well-known as the preceding STIs, Mycoplasma genitalium is a significant cause of cervicitis in women.
Trichomoniasis is the most common STI among sexually active young women. Some mistake this disease for a yeast infection or bacterial vaginosis since the symptoms are so similar: frothy discharge, powerful vaginal odor, pain on intercourse, irritation, and itching. When you have trichomoniasis, you’re more susceptible to infection by HIV. Additionally, it may negatively impact the outcome of a pregnancy. Pregnant women infected with the parasite are more inclined to have a pre-term birth. They’re also more likely to give birth to a low birth weight baby.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is very possibly the most frequent STI.
Assorted kinds of HPV have been linked to several types of skin cancers, in addition to throat cancer, anal cancer, penile cancer, cervical cancer, and lung cancer. Others cause genital warts, other warts, or even no symptoms in any way.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus linked to AIDS. It may only be transmitted by means of an exchange of bodily fluids, including semen, vaginal secretions, breast milk, and blood. HIV is no longer a death sentence, but it’s still a severe disorder.
Herpes is another viral STI. It comes with cold sores and/or genital sores.
Herpes disease can be deadly in infants, however, fortunately, transmission from mother to child is relatively rare.
The STI Bottom Line
There are other STDs which cause long-term health dangers, but these are definitely the most usual. Make sure you educate yourself on how to get safer sex.