Is Epididymitis Contagious?

February 5, 2018

Epididymitis is an infection and inflammation of the tube that connects the testicle with the vas deferens. This tube is called the epididymis. It is most frequent in men from ages 19 to 35 and is frequently brought on by the spread of bacterial diseases such as gonorrhea or chlamydia.

Here are a few frequently asked questions about epididymitis and their replies.


The status of epididymitis itself isn’t sexually transmitted, however, the bacterial diseases that can cause the condition are often sexually transmitted. In sexually active men under the age of 35, gonorrhea or chlamydia are the most frequent bacterial infections that are sexually transmitted which can cause epididymitis. Urethritis (an infection of the urethra) may also be present, although you may not experience any obvious symptoms.


Epididymitis may also be caused by urinary tract infections, infections following urinary-tract surgery, or prostatitis that spreads to the testicles.

Signs and Symptoms

Fever with tenderness, swelling and severe pain in the testicles, usually accompanied by a discharge in the close of the penis. Should you be influenced, your doctor will send samples of any discharge or a sample of urine (rather collected first thing in the morning, known as the initial void sample) for culture and sensitivity.

Your doctor will also collect blood for evaluation. The results give your physician the origin of the disease and the name of the antibiotic that will, in most cases, clear the disease.


Prompt treatment is important to minimize discomfort and also to avoid long-term damage and transmitting to others where the cause is a sexually transmitted organism.

Antibiotics should clear the problem.

Symptoms should improve within three times; if they do not then your physician may examine your medicine. Treatment will begin before the results of your urine, blood and swab test to minimize complications. Medication may need to be changed in case the results reveal other antibiotics would be more effective.

Pain Management

To assist with the pain, you need to rest in bed and take hot tub soaks. Pain medication are also significant. It should help you to feel comfortable and help reduce your temperature. Hospitalization is only required if the physician is unsure about the cause and requires further tests and observation, or when the infection is quite severe.


You might avoid epididymitis by seeking treatment for urethritis (urinary tract infection), bladder or prostate infections. Seek treatment quickly in the event that you develop symptoms such as a burning sensation when you urinate and a yellow-green discharge. Getting treatment early can help in preventing the spread of this disease to the testicles. 

Telling Your Partner

If the cause of your epididymitis is gonorrhea or chlamydia, you need to notify your spouse so that they can find treatment. If you have had sexual contact within 60 days ahead of the development of symptoms, then you will probably have passed the infection on and you need to alert your sexual partner(s).

You should cease sexual intercourse until the infection is cured.

Long Term Effects

Yes, even if the condition is left untreated. Without immediate treatment, the epididymitis disease can damage the testicles and cause infertility and chronic pain.