Types of IUDs

IUD Complications and Hazards

July 26, 2018

The fantastic news is that the amount of women that are deciding to use IUDs because their birth control method is quickly growing. For some reason, though, IUD usage is as popular as the pill or condoms. Did you know that IUDs are equally as effective as a vasectomy? But, unlike a vasectomy, IUDs are completely reversible!

So why are so many of you not taking advantage of the super powerful and long-acting birth control method?

My guess — that there appears to be a great deal of misconception about IUD dangers and security. Let’s take a glance at why this might be the case.

IUD Risks and Concerns… Haunting Us In the Past:

IUDs has a checkered past. This has left IUD usage to be stigmatized as being dangerous. From the 1970s, (mind you — in that point the FDA had limited authority within the medical device sector ), the very first popular IUD, called the Dalkon Shield, was introduced.

The plan of the Dalkon Shield included a multifilament string (a fancy word for a cable-type string made from hundreds of nylon fibers wrapped around each other). They used this series because it was stronger and would not break. But, this type of string made it easier for germs to enter into the uterus. So, the Dalkon Shield was responsible for sinus infections, miscarriages, sepsis (blood poisoning), infertility and hysterectomies. Oh — and it gets even better.

The company that made the Dalkon shield knew about these issues, withheld research results and lied about the IUD’s safety (because it could have cost too much money to fix). So you have tens of thousands of women injured from Dalkon Shield injured… which might have been prevented if the firm had been honest and not participate in this enormous”cover-up.”

These IUD risks and harms from the Dalkon Shield result in tens of thousands of lawsuits. The FDA cranked up the strain, and the Dalkon Shield was removed from the market. The FDA recommended that women who were now using the Dalkon Shield to get the device removed. And here’s a cool”fun fact” — two decades after this IUD was taken off the market (and much more’d become known concerning the damage caused by the Dalkon Shield), the FDA changed the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act to take more in depth testing for and FDA-approval prior to any medical apparatus might be marketed.

So, now you can observe how the IUDs past left a negative effects. Many women may nonetheless be fearful there are still enormous IUD dangers. They don’t realize that the current IUDs are safer compared to the ones from the past. And, they’re also FDA-approved (yeah, that’s kinda a big deal).

Today’s IUDs:

There are three IUD brands available from the US: Mirena, ParaGard, and Skyla. These are not like your grandmother’s IUD from yesteryear. These IUDs are secure and reliable long-term contraceptive methods. I’ll be truthful, just like with many birth control methods, you may have any side effects after getting your IUD inserted. But generally, these go away after the first few weeks to months.

Although serious complications with Mirena, Skyla, and ParaGard IUD are infrequent, it’s likely that these dangers can occur. So should you experience any problems, it is essential that you report these problems to your physician right away.

Potential Mirena/Skyla/ParaGard IUD Hazards and Illness:

  • Perforation: Rarely, an IUD can be pushed through the walls of the uterus during insertion. This is usually found and corrected straight away. Otherwise, the IUD can move into different parts of the pelvic region and may damage internal organs. Surgery may subsequently be required to remove the IUD.
  • Illness: there’s a threat of PID (pelvic inflammatory disease) linked to IUD use. However, the risk is very low following the first 20 days after insertion. PID is usually sexually transmitted. You have a greater risk of having PID if you or your spouse have sex with numerous partners. Pelvic infection may be caused by bacteria getting into the uterus during insertion. Most infection develops within 3 weeks of insertion. Infection (due to the IUD) after 3 weeks is rare. If you get an infection following this time, it’s probably because you have been exposed to STD’s through sex. Studies show that IUDs do not result in PID or infertility.
  • Expulsion: The Mirena, Skyla or ParaGard IUD can partly or completely slip out of the uterus — this is most likely to happen during the first couple of months of use (although it may also happen later on). It can also occur during your period. Together with Mirena or ParaGard, there is a slightly higher risk for expulsion in case you’ve never had a kid, or if you’re a teenager or young adult. Since Skyla is a little bit smaller than the other two IUDs, it is a little less inclined to be expelled in nulliparous women (medical word for girls who have never given birth) — although expulsion of those Skyla IUD can still happen.  If your IUD comes out, you can become pregnant. So if this happens, be sure to use a back-up birth control (such as a condom), and call your physician. If your Mirena or even Skyla IUD only partly comes out, it has to be removed (so please don’t attempt to push it back in). To be cautious, check your pads and tampons during your period to be certain that your IUD has not fallen out.

Increased IUD Risk Factors (Mirena, ParaGard, and Skyla):

Most women will not have any issues using Mirena, ParaGard, or Skyla. However if you have specific circumstances, you might be at risk for developing severe complications while using an IUD. These include being at risk for sexually transmitted infections at the time of insertion or with:

  • Serious blood clots in deep veins or arteries.
  • Had PID in the past 12 months.
  • Have diabetes or severe anemia.
  • Consuming blood which does not clot/take a medicine that helps your blood clot.
  • Have experienced a couple of sexually transmitted diseases within the past 2 years.
  • Have or had ovarian cancer.
  • Take everyday drugs (s) comprising a corticosteroid (such as prednisone).
  • Have a history of tubal infection (this does not apply to women who had a pregnancy in their uterus as the infection).
  • Have uncontrolled infections of the cervix or vagina, such as bacterial vaginosis.
  • Have a uterus positioned very far forward or backward at the anus.
  • Have a history of impaired fertility and the desire to get pregnant later on.

Make Your IUD Advocate:

Like most women, there are a lot of doctors that still have misbeliefs about IUD dangers and safety. These doctors may also have outdated ideas about who can and can’t use an IUD. Thus, in order to be your own advocate… if your physician Provides you some trouble, know that:

  • Teenagers CAN use IUDs.
  • You’re able to use an IUD even if you’ve not given birth.
  • You do NOT need a fresh IUD if you’ve switched sexual partners.
  • You do NOT need to be in a monogamous relationship to use an IUD.

For many women (maybe even you!) , the IUD may be superb contraceptive option. It is convenient, effective, doesn’t need you to do anything for it to work, eco-friendly, and it doesn’t interfere with sexual spontaneity. Just like with other prescription birth control, there are some risks and possible complications linked to IUD use, but most women are delighted with this long-term contraceptive option.