Right now, (with the exception of abstinence and withdrawal), there are just two accessible male birth control options — condoms and vasectomy. Both of these birth control methods, however, offer men distinct options.
- Condoms: There are many types of condoms to select from. Besides different sizes, shapes, and textures, you may select condoms made from latex, polyurethane, polyisoprene, and lambskin.
- Vasectomy: It is a permanent option for male birth control. You may select between a conventional vasectomy or a no-scalpel (keyhole) vasectomy. These two are simple and effective procedures.
What About the Male Birth Control Shot?
A male birth control shot has been showing very promising results for the decades. RISUG (Reversible Inhibition of Sperm Under Guidance) is an injection that is only being supplied through clinical trials in India. Present clinical studies reveal that this male birth control shot has been shown to be 99% effective — this is about precisely the same rate of female hormonal birth control methods. The male birth control shot is non-hormonal, minimally invasive, reversible, and will last for 8-10 years. It is like using a vasectomy — minus the long-lasting. In the USA, an injection named Vasalgel (which is quite similar to RISUG) is that the male birth control option furthest along in clinical trials and is nearest to be the first new US option promoted for guys.
Vaselgel is currently undergoing animal and security trials, but human clinical trials haven’t yet started.
How Does the RISUG Male Birth Control Shot Work?
After getting a local anesthetic, then the man birth control shot injects a non invasive polymer (known as Vasalgel) into each of the vas deferens (the tubes connect the testes to the penis).
The plastic attaches into the interior walls of the vas deferens and can be highly charged. When negatively-charged sperm pass through the vas deferens, the Vasalgel destroys their tails. This makes it so that sperm cannot swim to reach and fertilize an egg.
The fantastic thing is that these male birth control shots are also fully reversible — all it requires is an easy injection of water and baking soda to flush the plastic out. Additionally, it doesn’t interfere with the production of sperm. Also, the shot appears to have no side effects.
Are There Other Male Birth Control Methods in the Making?
There are numerous male birth control techniques that are now in varying stages of development.
Male Hormonal Contraception: The United Nations World Health Organizationat the University of California, Los Angeles, and the University of Sydney have all conducted trials to examine the ramifications of weekly testosterone injections on sperm production. Using steroid hormones (called androgens) have been shown to lower sperm count without any change in sexual activity, ability to obtain an erection, and attain orgasm. Hormonal male birth control is about 95% effective, has few side effects, and is reversible. The most important disadvantage of this method is that it may take up to 3–4 weeks to succeed. Research indicates that about 67% of the men examined had their sperm count rise to normal within six months (with almost all of the guys reaching normal sperm in a year).
Another study investigated combining the use of the birth control enhancer (Nexplanon) with injectable testosterone decanoate. Guys received the testosterone shots every 4-6 weeks. The results showed that this joint hormonal method significantly reduced sperm count. Additionally, the reduced sperm count lasted for up to a year.
- Gendarussa: It really is a non-hormonal male birth control pill that has been offered through clinical trials in Indonesia. There has been on-going research since 1985. It comes in the Justicia gendarussa plant and seems to offer an effective male birth control solution (as effective as the pill). It works by interfering with an enzyme in the sperm’s head — that interrupts the sperm’s ability to penetrate the egg. Unfortunately, it is difficult to find published data on Gendarussa’s use as a male contraceptive, so it’s really hard to predict the future of this method.
- Epididymal Protease Inhibitor (Eppin): Eppin Pharma Inc. is trying to create this non-hormonal male birth control pill. They assert it is an effective, reversible, and short term male birth control option. This male enhancement works by binding to the protein onto the semen’s surface — causing the sperm to reduce their mobility. Preclinical animal studies have been done by the O’Rand Laboratory in the University of North Carolina and show promising results.
- Clean Sheets Pill: That really is really a fast-acting male birth control system currently in the first phases of development in London. It prevents ejaculation but still allows the sensation of having an orgasm. This male birth control alternative also has the added capacity to substantially lower male-to-partner transmission of HIV. It’s known as the Clean Sheets Pill since it prevents semen from being discharged. This weight reduction pill is taken 2-3 hours before sex and lasts for 16-24 hours. The development of the penile birth control alternative may be stalled due to funding issues. More study is necessary before this potential male birth control pill could begin the lengthy FDA research, testing and approval procedure.
Would Men Actually Use This Man Birth Control Methods?
So many US women use some form of birth control. Many women also feel as the responsibility to utilize birth control rests largely on them. It would be nice if men had more birth control choices. This might be a possibility in the future. But male birth control research is expensive, and many programmers are quitting their efforts to make additional male birth control choices because of the costs. Additionally, the willingness of men to use a new kind of male birth control varies widely between population groups. One study found that 49% of men in the USA would be willing to think about a new male enhancement — but 38% expressed that they don’t know if they’d be willing to utilize a new method, and 12% claimed they would not consider it. Critics of male birth control stage to how frequently guys refuse and complain of wearing condoms. They say that if men are put off by the simple action of having to roll on a condom, then these very same men would most likely also thing to having an injection in their scrotum. In the end however, more options are always excellent. And most girls will probably not object to finally be able to unload some of the burden of contraception usage on men.