Reproductive Health Issues

OB/GYN and Women's Reproductive Health

February 5, 2018

OB/GYN is the abbreviation for an obstetrician-gynecologist. An OB/GYN has lots of jobs. What you find an OB/GYN for depends on where you are in your lifetime. For nearly all your life, you’ll need the assistance of a gynecologist. An obstetrician’s providers are only needed when you’re pregnant. Some physicians are equally obstetrician-gynecologists. Some are just gynecologists, specializing in certain facets of reproductive diseases.

To put it differently, the obstetrician-gynecologist is concerned primarily with medical care and treatment of the female reproductive tissues and all parts of childbirth, including delivery.

The primary duty of an OB/GYN has is helping women have healthy pregnancies and deliver healthy newborns. Some OB/GYNs may concentrate more on obstetrics, opting not to see older patients beyond their reproductive years, though others might often girls who’ve had kids and menopausal women. There are also subspecialties of obstetrics and gynecology, including reproductive health and infertility problems, and gynecological oncology.


One part of the OB/GYN’s job would be to screen for certain diseases like cancers of the breasts, cervix, uterus and vagina. Throughout your gynecological appointment, your physician will probably perform a manual breast exam as well as a Pap smear. These tests check for breast and cervical cancer, respectively.

One other significant part an OB/GYN’s project is to diagnose and treat female reproductive health issues including sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), menstrual problems, diseases of the breasts, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. An OB/GYN may also diagnose fertility issues, premenstrual syndrome, and menopause-related issues.

If you’re sexually active, your OB/GYN could check for STDs as well as doing a Pap smear. Your physician may swab for STDs or have your urine or blood tested. The testing method they choose depends upon what infections they are testing for. They can also search for indications of infections like discharge and inflammation as well as herpes or genital warts.

An OB/GYN can do surgical procedures like Cesarean sections and hysterectomies. She may also perform other processes like colposcopies, which remove abnormal cells from the cervix. For girls who have reproductive health conditions like endometriosis or fibroids, an OB/GYN can do laparoscopic procedures, or make a referral to a gynecological surgeon.


To become an OB/GYN at the USA, you must go into medical school and get a doctorate in medicine (MD) or osteopathic medicine (DO). To become certified, a paralegal profession program must be completed after medical school. Some doctors decide to go on to a fellowship program to get further technical training. Obstetrician-gynecologists may proceed on to fellowship training in family planning, reproductive endocrinology, infertility or pelvic surgery.

When Can I Start Viewing an OB/GYN?

Most women will likely see an OB/GYN before they turn 18.

It’s especially important for women who are sexually active to visit an OB/GYN to be screened for cervical cancer and also sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs). Girls should visit their OB/GYN once a year for a complete examination.

Building a relationship with an OB/GYN prior to pregnancy is perfect so that when you become pregnant, you have a doctor who knows you and your body, and can supply the best possible therapy. Provide the best possible treatment.