Prescription Options

Side Effects of Depo Provera Shots

February 19, 2018

Depo Provera (depot medroxyprogesterone acetate, or DMPA) is a contraceptive that is given by injection four times a year. Every depo shot releases progestin, a synthetic form of the female hormone progesterone, which protects a woman from getting pregnant for between 11 weeks and 14 weeks. There are two sorts, the first Depo Provera shot and Depo-subQ Provera 104 (which has been found to be an effective treatment for endometriosis in addition to a contraceptive).

There are many benefits of using Depo-Provera. So long as the shots have been given on time, the two kinds are 99.7 percent effective.  It allows for sexual spontaneity and mothers that are breastfeeding can securely use it. But it’s not without side effects. For example, it can take as many as nine or 10 months to regain your fertility once you take your last shot. And in clinical trials, a tiny percentage of girls have skin reactions to the shots: dimpling or lumpiness across the injection site.

If you do not mind getting shots and you’re looking for a form of birth control that you don’t have to think about every day, Depo Provera could be a terrific option for you. To assist you determine if you want to try it, below are some common side effects  to think about.

Spotting and Breakthrough Bleeding

After getting your very first injection of Depo Provera, your body will probably undergo changes as it adjusts to the endocrine system.

For some women, this can mean irregular bleeding (spotting) or even prolonged bleeding that’s very similar to a regular period. This is perfectly ordinary, especially during the first 3 weeks of using Depo Provera. There is no way to know before you try the contraceptive if spotting or bleeding will probably be a problem for you, however you can always switch to a different kind of birth control when it’s and it disturbs you.

Weight Gain

This is 1 side effect that women often cite when they cease taking Depo Provera. During the first year, on average most girls who go on Depo Provera profit between 3.5 pounds and 5 pounds. It does seem that body weight and fat appear to grow with the use of DMPA. This advantage usually is temporary though.  Studies have shown that girls who employed nonhormonal contraception after discontinuing Depo Provera lost the weight within a couple of decades.

No More Periods 

In clinical studies, 39 percent of girls found their periods completely stopped at the end of six months of using Depo Provera. Following nine months, roughly half of women’s periods had stopped. Among the rest of the women, 57 percent reported that their periods had ceased by the end of a year.

Bone Loss

The package inserts for both Depo Provera and Depo-subQ Provera 104 contain a mandated black box warning regarding the possible decrease in bone mineral density due to the loss of stored calcium in bones.  The longer you’re on Depo Provera, the bone loss you are likely to have. Ensure that you speak with your gynecologist about this potentially severe side effect.