Vaginal Health

The Clitoris: What You Ought to Know

February 25, 2018

The clitoris is a structure about the size of a pea located on top of a female’s vulva, over the urethral opening.

The Clitoris and Its Place within the Vulva

The vulva is a single term used to describe each of the external female genital organs. Grouped round the anus (an internal organ), these organs contain the labia majora, the labia minora, the clitoris, the vestibule of the vagina, the bulb of the vestibule, and the glands of Bartholin.

The 2 sets of labia (lips) form an oval shape around the anus. The labia minora are smaller and surround the vagina. The labia majora are larger, and, after puberty, the outer portion of the labia majora are covered with pubic hair.

At the point at which the labia majora fulfill (close to the pubic bone) is the clitoris. In certain ways, the female clitoris could be compared to the male penis:

  • The clitoris is extremely sensitive to being touched for sexual stimulation.   It’s responsible for feelings of sexual pleasure when stimulated, and, for a lot of women, clitoral stimulation is how they can experience an orgasm.
  • In a few women, the clitoris becomes somewhat enlarged (or engorged) during sexual activity, and this already sensitive tissue comes even more reactive.

Contrary to the penis the clitoris does not have an immediate part in reproduction. 

The Function of the Clitoris in Sexual Pleasure

Some women are unable to undergo an orgasm from penetration alone.

For all those girls, having the clitoris touched in a pleasurable manner may be the only way a orgasm is potential.   For women who can orgasm through penetration, stimulating the clitoris may improve the strength of their climax.  

Diseases of the Clitoris

Like most organs, the clitoris is susceptible to many different disorders.

Some are extremely gentle and treatable; many others are more severe. The most common include:

  • Soreness due to sexual sex or masturbation
  • Itch as a result of reactions to soaps, cleansers, lotions, etc..
  • Pain because of injury to the clitoris or to the vulva such as yeast or thrush
  • itching or itching because of diseases of the vulva or vagina
  • itching or itching associated with vulvar cancer
  • itching or tingling because of sexually transmitted diseases
  • Pain Linked to persistent engorgement of the clitoris

Most clitoral illnesses can be treated with creams or a class of antibiotics. Severe issues, like melanomas or other cancers, may appear as a lump or bump. In case you have concerns, ask your physician or Ob/Gyn. In rare situations, you may be referred to another specialist.

Female Circumcision

Female circumcision, also known as female genital mutilation or FGM, eliminates the clitoris to prevent the girl from feeling sexual enjoyment.   This type of mutilation can be done as a girl reaches puberty, and it is Thought to reduce the chances of a woman cheating on her partner as sex is no longer as gratifying as it would be with an intact clitoris.   This practice has been outlawed in many places but still continues, typically (but not entirely ) in African countries.