Vaginal Health

Vulvitis Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

September 7, 2018

Vulvitis is an inflammation of the vulva (the visible external genitalia). It’s not a condition or disorder; instead, it is a symptom that can result from a number of different triggers, including allergies, infections, injuries, and other outward symptoms.

Other vaginal infections, such as vaginitis or genital herpes, often accompany vulvitis.

Some potential causes of vulvitis contain bacterial or fungal infections, colored or scented toilet tissues or sterile products, or departing wet clothing (such as a swimsuit) to get a long time period.

There are also allergic reactions that may lead to vulvitis. Products like soaps, shampoos, powders, deodorants, sanitary napkins, nylon pantyhose, topical drugs or vaginal douches are potential causes of vulvar irritation.

Who’s Most at Risk for Vulvitis

Diabetic women face an elevated risk of developing vulvitis because the high sugar content of the cells increases susceptibility to infections.

Also, as estrogen levels fall during perimenopause, vulvar tissues become thinner, drier, and less elastic, increasing a woman’s likelihood of creating vulvitis or other infections, like vaginitis.

Young girls who have not yet reached puberty can also be at potential risk since adequate hormone levels have not yet been reached.

Any woman who is allergy-prone, has sensitive skin, or who has other illnesses or diseases can develop vulvitis.

Symptoms and Signs 

While every woman may undergo vulvitis symptoms otherwise, some of the most common symptoms are itching, redness, swelling, soreness and cracked or whitish stains.

Fluid-filled, clear blisters that break open and form a crust may also be present, along with a scaly appearance.

It’s important for women with these signs to attempt to not scratch, since this may cause further irritation and/or infection. Even though it might seem to be a good idea to scrub repeatedly within the daytime, ¬†over-washing the affected region can result in further irritation.

It is ideal to wash only once per day with warm water only when symptoms of vulvitis exist.


Several analytical applications, such as blood tests, urinalysis, testing for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and Pap tests help your physician diagnose vulvitis.


Considering that vulvitis is a symptom, not a state , treatment varies based on the origin. There are treatments, however, that can be used to alleviate any discomfort you are experiencing.

Low-dose hydrocortisone creams can be prescribed for short periods, and anti-fungal creams are sometimes valuable. Post-menopausal girls may discover topical estrogen relieves their symptoms.

Other self explanatory remedies include baths containing soothing compounds, hot flashes acid compresses and calamine lotion.

During sex, use a sterile, non-irritating personal lubricant, also do not use any products which may be leading to the aggravation, like scented tampons or toilet tissue. Maintain the vulva clean, cool and dry, and be sure to wash the vaginal and perianal areas entirely during menstrual periods and after bowel movements.


Reducing anxiety, getting sufficient sleep and a nutritious diet are also excellent ways to take care of yourself and avoid future flare-ups of vulvitis.

Other ways to prevent vulvitis include wearing white cotton underpants, practicing good hygiene, and avoiding vaginal douches. Vaginal powders and sprays should also be avoided, as if tight pants. Unless you are in a longterm monogamous relationship, always use condoms during sexual actions to lessen your chance of vulvitis, STDs, and other vaginal infections.