IUDs are a excellent birth control option if you’re searching for effective, long-term, reversible contraception. Currently, there are 3 types of IUDs that you can get:
- Mirena – releases 52mg of the progestin levonorgestrel on a 5-year period.
- Skyla – releases 13.5mg of the progestin levonorgestrel over a 3-year period.
- ParaGard – the copper IUD that is hormone-free.
All three of these IUDs have to be inserted into your uterus with an experienced medical professional.
Ways to Acquire an IUD (Mirena, Skyla or ParaGard):
Before obtaining an IUD, you’ll want to make an appointment with your doctor to find out if Mirena, Skyla or even ParaGard is the correct contraceptive choice for you. It is necessary that you really discuss your medical history and sexual lifestyle with your physician because an IUD isn’t right for all women.
Your doctor will probably perform a pelvic exam to be certain that your cervix, vagina, and inner organs are normal and not infected. You could be also be examined for sexually transmitted infections, vaginal infections, precancerous cervical cells, or any other condition that needs to be medicated before an IUD can be safely inserted.
When it’s decided that you are a good candidate for an IUD, your physician will almost certainly have you program an appointment for you to have your Mirena, Skyla or even ParaGard IUD inserted.
IUDs can be inserted at any time during your menstrual cycle (your doctor may conduct a pregnancy test to be sure you’re not pregnant) or promptly following a first-trimester abortion.
- If you would like immediate pregnancy protection (and not have to use a backup birth control method), Mirena and Skyla should be added inside seven days after your period starts. If inserted in any other time during your menstrual cycle, you will need to use another contraception procedure during the initial week (7 days) after insertion.
- ParaGard is instantly successful, so it does not matter where you are in your menstrual cycle if it is inserted.
- Paragard can also be added up to 5 days after unprotected intercourse as a kind of emergency contraception.
After your first phase (or at least no longer than three months following your IUD insertion), you must schedule a checkup to make sure that your IUD is still in place. After that, regular checkups may be performed at the time as your regular gynecological examination.
Reasons Why You Should Not Get an IUD
- Have had PID (unless you have had a normal pregnancy after this infection went away).
- Could possibly be pregnant.
- Have unexplained vaginal bleeding.
- Get infections easily (because of immune system issues or intravenous drug use).
- Have had a pelvic infection in the past few months following either childbirth or an abortion.
- May have cancer of the uterus or cervix.
- Have more than one sexual partner or a sexual partner who has more than one sexual partner.
- Have an untreated pelvic infection or inflammation of the cervix.
- Have a condition that affects the shape of the uterus (for instance, large fibroid or tumor).
- Already have an IUD.
- Have postpartum or post-abortion endometritis (inflammation of the uterine lining) in the past 3 months.
- Have had, or are at risk of having an ectopic pregnancy.
- Are allergic to any of the elements in Skyla or Mirena (like levonorgestrel, silicone, polyethylene, silver) or ParaGard (like aluminum ).
Furthermore, You Shouldn’t get a Skyla or Mirena IUD if you:
- Have or had breast cancer.
- Have liver disease or liver tumors.
You should also not get a ParaGard IUD if you:
- Have Wilson’s Disease
Assessing Your IUD Strings
Once you get an IUD, you’ll have to periodically check it is strings. Mirena, Skyla, and ParaGard all have strings attached to the device that hangs down through the cervix to the vagina.
Depending on how brief the strings are cut, then you can guarantee that the IUD is in place by feeling for the strings. A physician uses the strings remove the IUD. Some girls may have the strings cut shorter if they’re sensed by your sexual partner. If this is the case, sometimes the strings are cut so short you could not have the ability to check the strings.
You should feel for your IUD strings once a month, involving periods. It is also a fantastic idea to check every few days for your first few months after you get your IUD to be certain it is still properly set up. That having been said, one of the best advantages of this Mirena, Skyla, and ParaGard is that, for the most part, once you get an IUD, you really don’t have to anything!