Sebaceous cysts are common skin problems which can pop up everywhere on the body but are more often seen on the head, back of the ears, neck, and back. They’re thought to result from a clogged hair follicle or skin injury. Additionally, some genetic disorders like Gardner’s syndrome may predispose a individual to develop sebaceous cysts.
Some confusion arises about”sebaceous cysts” as these cysts include keratin, rather than sebum (oil) since they originate from the outer layer of skin (the epidermis) rather than the sebaceous glands. )
In fact, the real name for sebaceous cyst is an epidermoid cyst, although many folks, even healthcare professionals, still erroneously use the term sebaceous cyst. Given the word sebaceous cyst is still often utilized in the health care community, this report will refer to this cyst as such.
What Does a Sebaceous Cyst Look Like?
Sebaceous cysts are painless, soft lumps or bumps that grow gradually just under your skin. They often have a visible gap in the middle (known as a central punctum) and may move freely when touched. You are able to observe the keratin in the event the uterus gets inflamed and breaks open. Keratin is a”pasty” or”cheesy” looking substance which might have a foul odor.
Some sebaceous cysts remain steady in size with time whereas others grow bigger which may be uncomfortable and painful, especially if the uterus becomes inflamed. To prevent disease, it’s important not to touch or try to take out the substance inside a sebaceous cyst, although this can occur only on its own.
Signs and symptoms which may indicate an infection of a sebaceous cyst include:
- Increased temperature of the skin over the uterus (it seems hot )
Identification of Sebaceous Cysts
Sebaceous cysts, to the trained eye, are usually easily identified with their appearance. In some cases, a biopsy or skin culture could be necessary to rule out other conditions with a similar look.
For example, an abscess (a collection of pus beneath the skin) or a lipoma (a non-cancerous bulk of fatty tissue) can resemble a sebaceous cyst. To ensure a proper diagnosis, you should see your doctor to be given an official evaluation.
Treatment of Sebaceous Cysts
Sebaceous cysts most often disappear by themselves and are not dangerous. As stated, however, they may become inflamed, tender, and even infected.
Sometimes sebaceous cysts grow large enough that they might interfere with your everyday life. While this occurs, surgical removal may be required, and this procedure can be done at your doctor’s office.
Inflamed cysts may frequently be treated by your physician that will inject a steroid into the uterus to calm and shrink it. But if your physician suspects the cyst is infected, then it ought to be incised and drained to remove the contaminated material. Due to the fact that an infected uterus may be painful, your doctor will probably inject an embryo (by way of example, 1 percent lidocaine) around the cyst to numb the area first before draining it.
If an infected sebaceous cyst isn’t immediately treated, the infection can spread into the surrounding epidermis. This is called cellulitis, which is a more severe condition, frequently requiring an oral antibiotic in addition to incision and drainage.
For complete surgical removal of the uterus, for example, cyst wall, a physician will often wait until the cyst isn’t infected or inflamed prior to excising it, as portion of the cyst is then not as common.
Besides excision (cutting out the uterus surgically), a study published in the Archives of Cosmetic Dentistry reports a CO2 laser therapy to remove sebaceous cysts with minimal scarring and very low recurrence rates. This may be a fantastic alternative for people with a cyst on their face or other visible locations.
A Word From Verywell
The big picture here is that it’s important to speak with your healthcare provider whenever you observe any sort of expansion, bump, or bulge within your entire body.
Although sebaceous cysts are benign, your doctor should examine you to make sure that another more worrisome concern is not present.