Reproductive Health Issues

Which Exactly Are Ovarian Cysts and How Do I Handle Them?

November 16, 2018

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs, very similar to blisters, which are common in women during their reproductive years. They form on the ovaries, the almond-sized organs on both sides of the uterus. Many types of ovarian cysts are harmless and go away without any treatment, but there are a few that can indicate other health difficulties, or even lead to difficulties with fertility.


The normal function of the ovaries is to create an egg every month. Throughout the process of ovulation, a cyst-like structure called a follicle is shaped inside the gut. The mature follicle ruptures when an egg is released during ovulation. A corpus luteum forms from the empty follicle also, if pregnancy does not occur, the corpus luteum dissolves. At times, but this procedure doesn’t conclude suitably, causing the most common kind of ovarian cysts: ovarian cysts that are functional.

Irregular ovarian cysts, such as polycystic ovarian disease, may happen as the result of an imbalance of female hormones (estrogen and progesterone).


  • Functional Cysts: These cysts will often shrink and vanish within two or three menstrual cycles. Since this type of cyst is formed through ovulation, it rarely occurs in menopausal women as eggs are no longer being produced.

  • Dermoid Cysts: These cysts are filled with a variety of types of cells, including skin and hair.

  • Endometrioma Cysts: These cysts can also be known as the”chocolate cysts” of endometriosis, and they form when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus attaches to the ovaries.

  • Cystadenoma Cysts: These cysts grow from cells on the outer surface of the uterus.

  • Polycystic Ovarian Disease: This disease, also popularly called PCOS, refers to cysts that form from a buildup of follicles. They cause the ovaries to enlarge and generate a thick outer covering, which may prevent ovulation from occurring. They are frequently the cause of fertility issues.


    Ovarian cysts frequently cause no symptoms; nonetheless, when symptoms are present, you might see a dull ache or a sense of fullness or pressure in the gut. Pain during intercourse and sometimes can also indicate the presence of ovarian cysts.

    Pain or pressure may be brought on by a range of factors, such as bleeding, size, or the bursting of a cyst, which disrupts the gut tissues. Pain may also be caused when a uterus is twisted (called torsion), which can block the flow of blood into the uterus.

    Other potential indicators of ovarian cysts comprise delayed, irregular or unusually painful periods. If you notice any of these symptoms, notify your healthcare provider when possible.


    Unless symptoms are present, ovarian cysts are typically diagnosed through an yearly pelvic examination. Other diagnostic tests, like an ultrasound or a laparoscopy, may be done if your doctor detects any abnormalities.

    Common Treatments

    Treatment of ovarian cysts is dependent on several factors, including the size and type of cyst, the lady’s age and overall health, her potential pregnancy programs and her particular symptoms.

    The sooner ovarian cysts are present, the less invasive the treatment needed.

    Often, young girls who aren’t experiencing symptoms are counseled to wait two or three months to determine whether the cysts dissolve by themselves. In most cases, functional ovarian cysts will dissolve with no medical intervention or treatment.

    Occasionally, oral contraceptives or hormones will probably be prescribed to psychologist functional ovarian cysts. Oral contraceptives aren’t an effective treatment for other types of benign ovarian cysts, but they do provide some protection against cancerous ovarian cysts.

    Surgery is occasionally required to treat ovarian cysts that are unresponsive to hormonal treatment. You may need surgery if your cysts don’t vanish after a few menstrual cycles, or if they’re incredibly large.

    In Post-Menopausal Women

    Girls who develop ovarian cysts after menopause are more likely to have malignancies.

    For post-menopausal women experiencing pain and bleeding, surgery may be necessary. The procedures range from simply removing the uterus to eliminating the entire ovary. In certain acute cases, a hysterectomy (removal of the uterus)  is advised.

    The particular surgical procedure required depends upon a range of factors however, typically, the earlier ovarian cysts are discovered, the less extensive the process.

    Even though your physician will examine the planned procedure with you, you should remember that the specific extent of the surgery might be unknown before the operation is in progress.

    Alternative Treatments

    In addition to (or instead of)  surgery and hormonal birth control pills, some women opt for more natural or homeopathic remedies for treatment.   Herbal therapies like blue cohosh, or false unicorn root have given relief to some patients, while a vegetarian diet with a focus on beets, carrots, dark-green leafy vegetables, and lemons has proven successful for others.

    Other alternative treatments incorporate antioxidant supplements, homeopathic remedies and castor oil packs for reducing inflammation. Hydrotherapy applied to the abdomen may help stop a cyst from rupturing.

    Things to Remember About Ovarian Cysts

    Since ovarian cysts often cause no symptoms, it’s particularly critical for women who’ve had cysts previously to have routine pelvic examinations. These women are at a greater risk of developing additional cysts.

    Girls who suffer from endometriosis might see their symptoms worsened by the presence of ovarian cysts, and there’s an increased likelihood they’ll have to have their ovaries removed.

    In the event of cancerous ovarian cysts, which again, are uncommon, early treatment offers the best hope for recovery.